Lexikalische Kategorien und grammatische Strukturen im Tigemaxo (Bozo, Mande)

Lexical Categories and Grammatical Structure in Bozo Tigemaxo
Auteur : Blecke, Thomas
Editeur : Rüdiger Köppe Verlag, 1996
Langue : Bozo, Tiéyaxo
Sujet : Grammaire

A grammar of Supyire

Auteur : Carlson, Robert
Editeur : Mouton de Gruyter, 1993

The dialect described in this grammar is spoken in the region of Kampwo, to the West of Sikasso and bordering the Bambara-speaking region of Gana (not to be confused with the country of Ghana). The data was collected in the village of Farakala, located 40km west of Sikasso on the main road to the capital Bamako, and from neighboring villages, none more than 15km from Farakala.

Also available as an eBook.

Sujet : Grammaire

The Verb in Bozo Jenaama

Langue : Bozo, Jenaama

Thesis in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master Studies in African Linguistics of the University of Leiden.

Sujet : Grammaire

Tamasheq prepositions

a semantic analysis of Tamasheq prepositions
Auteur : Wolthuis, Wilma
Langue : Tamasheq

In Tamasheq there are different kinds of prepositions: those that are purely topological and those that are directional. The topological prepositions only define the relationship between the figure and the ground and are neutral in respect to the path. The directional ones define the path and are neutral in respect to the ground or the figure.

Sujet : Grammaire

Some verb morphology features of Tadaksahak, or Berber or Songhay, this is the question

Langues : Tadaksahak; Tamasheq

Having been described as "langue mixte" (Lacroix 1971), this language presents features of Songhay and Berber languages. The observations discussed in this paper deal with the way voice changes are handled. In particular, it shows how the causative is formed. The causative morpheme S(V)- is of Berber origin and prefixed to the verb root as in Berber languages, whereas Songhay suffixes the causative morpheme that is of a very different form (-andi). But only verb roots that are also etymologically from Berber can take the morpheme in Tadaksahak. All roots that are cognates with Songhay are replaced with a Berber root with the same meaning, when causativized, changed to passive voice, or made reflexive or reciprocal.

An appendix to the paper lists examples of both intransitive and transitive verbs using suppletion of the root when changed to causative and passive voice.

Sujet : Grammaire

Relative clauses in Tadaksahak

Langues : Tadaksahak

Three distinct relativization strategies are used in Tadaksahak: a relative pronoun strategy, a gap strategy, and one that uses the morpheme sa (hereafter, the sa-strategy). One parameter that distinguishes these strategies is whether the relative clause is restrictive (relative pronoun and gap strategies) or nonrestrictive (sa-strategy); this difference is reviewed in section 1. The parameter that usually distinguishes the two restrictive strategies is whether the referent of the head noun is definite (relative pronoun strategy-sec. 3.1) or indefinite (gap strategy-sec. 3.2). Section 4 is devoted to the sa-strategy. The paper also discusses which grammatical relations can be relativized by each strategy (sec. 2), and some motivations for left-dislocating nominal constituents that contain relative clauses (sec. 5).

Sujet : Grammaire

The grammar of action nominals in Tigemaxo

Auteur : Blecke, Thomas
Editeur : WOCAL, 2009
Langue : Bozo, Tiéyaxo

Despite the rising interest in non-finite verb forms (infinitives, participles, converbs, action nominals (AN)) among typologically oriented linguists (e.g. König & van der Auwera 1990, Haspelmath & König 1995, van der Auwera 1998), insights into the topic from West African languages are still scarce. To help fill this huge gap, the present paper provides a descriptively oriented, text-corpus-based analysis of action nominals in Tigemaxo.

Sujet : Grammaire