Songhay, Koyraboro Senni

Language code (ISO 639-3): ses
Population: 100,000 in Mali (2007 Almaki), increasing. 300,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 850,000
Region: Southeast, along Niger River from Gourma Rharous, east of Timbuktu, through Bourem, Goa, and Ansongo to Mali-Niger border. Believed to border Kaado (Zarma) [dje] in Niger.
Alternate names: East Songhay, Gao Songhay, Koroboro Senni, Koyra Senni, Koyra Senni Songhay, Songai, Songay, Songay Senni, Songhai, Songhay, Songoi, Songoy, Sonrai, Sonrhai
Dialects: Gao, Fulan Kirya. Intelligibility is good with all dialects on Niger River. The Fulan Kirya dialect has more limited intelligibility because of heavy lexical borrowing from Fulfulde [ffm] and Humburi Senni Songhay [hmb]. The Gao dialect is dominant in all respects. Closely related languages: Koyra Chiini Songhay [khq], Humburi Senni Songhay [hmb], Zarmaci [dje], Dendi [ddn]. Lexical similarity: 77% between the Gao dialect and Timbuktu dialects, lexical similarity 50% with Tadaksahak [dsq].
Resources by SIL:

Soŋoy kalandiriye 2012

Calendrier songhay 2012
Publisher: SIL Mali, 2011

Calendrier de l'année 2012 avec abcédaire en songhay de Gao.

Subject: Misc.

Soŋay Alhabarey

Journal en langue songhay

Lettres de nouvelles de Gao, écrites en langue songhay.

Subject: Misc.
Resources by Others:

Texts in Koroboro Senni

Songhay of Gao, Mali
Publisher: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag, 1998

Koroboro Senni is the Songhay language spoken in the city of Gao (northern Mali), the capital of the Songhay Empire of the late Middle Ages. The language extends along the Niger River, west to Bamba and east to the border with the Republic of Niger. The major dialectal differences involve the Bamba area in the west versus the mainstream dialect (from the Gao area to the border).

Subject: Texts

A Grammar of Koyraboro (Koroboro) Senni

The Songhay of Gao, Mali
Publisher: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag, 1999

After a general introduction to the language of Koyraboro Senni, the history of the people, and the geography of the region, the grammar proceeds with an overview of the grammatical system of Koyraboro Senni. This is followed by chapters on phonology, the categorical components and the structure of noun phrases, verbal derivation, and the structure of verb phrases. The syntax-discourse material is organized into a chapter on discourse-functional elements and their syntax, a chapter covering a range of traditional clause-level syntactic phenomena, and a final chapter focusing on anaphora.

Subjects: Phonology, Grammar