Grammar

Resources by SIL:

Lexikalische Kategorien und grammatische Strukturen im Tigemaxo (Bozo, Mande)

Lexical Categories and Grammatical Structure in Bozo Tigemaxo
Publisher: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag, 1996
Language: Bozo, Tiéyaxo
Subject: Grammar

A grammar of Supyire

Publisher: Mouton de Gruyter, 1993
Language: Senoufo, Supyire

The dialect described in this grammar is spoken in the region of Kampwo, to the West of Sikasso and bordering the Bambara-speaking region of Gana (not to be confused with the country of Ghana). The data was collected in the village of Farakala, located 40km west of Sikasso on the main road to the capital Bamako, and from neighboring villages, none more than 15km from Farakala.

Also available as an eBook.

Subject: Grammar

The Verb in Bozo Jenaama

Language: Bozo, Jenaama

Thesis in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master Studies in African Linguistics of the University of Leiden.

Subject: Grammar

Tamasheq prepositions

a semantic analysis of Tamasheq prepositions
Language: Tamasheq

In Tamasheq there are different kinds of prepositions: those that are purely topological and those that are directional. The topological prepositions only define the relationship between the figure and the ground and are neutral in respect to the path. The directional ones define the path and are neutral in respect to the ground or the figure.

Subject: Grammar

Some verb morphology features of Tadaksahak, or Berber or Songhay, this is the question

Languages: Tadaksahak; Tamasheq

Having been described as "langue mixte" (Lacroix 1971), this language presents features of Songhay and Berber languages. The observations discussed in this paper deal with the way voice changes are handled. In particular, it shows how the causative is formed. The causative morpheme S(V)- is of Berber origin and prefixed to the verb root as in Berber languages, whereas Songhay suffixes the causative morpheme that is of a very different form (-andi). But only verb roots that are also etymologically from Berber can take the morpheme in Tadaksahak. All roots that are cognates with Songhay are replaced with a Berber root with the same meaning, when causativized, changed to passive voice, or made reflexive or reciprocal.

An appendix to the paper lists examples of both intransitive and transitive verbs using suppletion of the root when changed to causative and passive voice.

Subject: Grammar

Relative clauses in Tadaksahak

Languages: Tadaksahak

Three distinct relativization strategies are used in Tadaksahak: a relative pronoun strategy, a gap strategy, and one that uses the morpheme sa (hereafter, the sa-strategy). One parameter that distinguishes these strategies is whether the relative clause is restrictive (relative pronoun and gap strategies) or nonrestrictive (sa-strategy); this difference is reviewed in section 1. The parameter that usually distinguishes the two restrictive strategies is whether the referent of the head noun is definite (relative pronoun strategy-sec. 3.1) or indefinite (gap strategy-sec. 3.2). Section 4 is devoted to the sa-strategy. The paper also discusses which grammatical relations can be relativized by each strategy (sec. 2), and some motivations for left-dislocating nominal constituents that contain relative clauses (sec. 5).

Subject: Grammar

The grammar of action nominals in Tigemaxo

Publisher: WOCAL, 2009
Language: Bozo, Tiéyaxo

Despite the rising interest in non-finite verb forms (infinitives, participles, converbs, action nominals (AN)) among typologically oriented linguists (e.g. König & van der Auwera 1990, Haspelmath & König 1995, van der Auwera 1998), insights into the topic from West African languages are still scarce. To help fill this huge gap, the present paper provides a descriptively oriented, text-corpus-based analysis of action nominals in Tigemaxo.

Subject: Grammar
Resources by Others:

Le malinké de Kita

Un parler mandingue de l’ouest du Mali
Publisher: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag, 2009
Language: Malinké, Kita
Subject: Grammar

Dogon and Bangime Linguistics

Languages: Dogon, Toro So

This is the website for a project on Dogon languages, also including the Bangime language (a language isolate spoken by a culturally Dogon group). The Principal Investigator is Jeffrey Heath of the University of Michigan. Other fieldworkers are (or have been) Kirill Prokhorov, Laura McPherson, Abbie Hantgan, and the late Stefan Elders.

Subjects: Dictionary, Grammar

A Grammar of Tamashek (Tuareg of Mali)

Publisher: Mouton de Gruyter, 2005
Language: Tamasheq

This is a comprehensive description of Tamashek Tuareg spoken in Mali. The varieties covered in this volume are those of Tamashek in the narrow sense, excluding Tawellemett but including the other Malian varieties (Goundam, Timbuktu, Gao, Ansongo, Kidal, and the Gourma area south of the Niger River including Gosi and the outskirts of Hombori).

Also available as an eBook.

Subject: Grammar

Éléments de grammaire du soninké

Vol. 1 & 2. Les Documents de Linguistique africaine
Language: Soninke
Subject: Grammar

A Grammar of Koyra Chiini

The Songhay of Timbuktu
Publisher: Mouton de Gruyter, 1999

Also available as an eBook.

Subject: Grammar

Grammaire fondamentale du bambara

Publisher: Karthala, 2003
Language: Bamanankan

Also available as an eBook.

Subject: Grammar

Parlons Dogon

Langue et culture d'Ireli
Publisher: L'Harmattan, 2010
Language: Dogon, Toro So

Principal pôle touristique du Mali, le pays dogon est mondialement connu. La culture dogon est le fruit de la construction de plusieurs langues. L'auteur choisit ici de présenter l'un de ces parlers, le ireu-tin. L'ouvrage comprend une description de la langue au plan phonologique, morphologique et syntaxique ; une présentation de la culture et du vécu quotidien de la population et enfin des textes de conversations dans des situations conventionnelles. Un lexique dogon-français et français-dogon complète l'ouvrage.

Tondi Songway Kiini (Songhay, Mali)

Reference Grammar And TSK-English-French Dictionary

Only recently discovered by linguistic scholars, Tondi Songway Kiini (TSK) is a tonal language spoken in the small country of Mali in western Africa. Unlike other Songhay languages, TSK preserves the lexical and grammatical tones of its proto-language and also exhibits unique systems for the expression of focalization and relativization. Tondi Songway Kiini is a valuable overview of the grammar of an African language with a tone system quite different from that of the more familiar Bantu system. It is also an irreplaceable guide to the grammar and meanings of this unusual African language.

Subjects: Dictionary, Grammar

A Grammar of Koyraboro (Koroboro) Senni

The Songhay of Gao, Mali
Publisher: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag, 1999

After a general introduction to the language of Koyraboro Senni, the history of the people, and the geography of the region, the grammar proceeds with an overview of the grammatical system of Koyraboro Senni. This is followed by chapters on phonology, the categorical components and the structure of noun phrases, verbal derivation, and the structure of verb phrases. The syntax-discourse material is organized into a chapter on discourse-functional elements and their syntax, a chapter covering a range of traditional clause-level syntactic phenomena, and a final chapter focusing on anaphora.

Subjects: Phonology, Grammar